Ammotragus lervia
(Barbary sheep, Waddan)


  • Karkur Talh (Jebel Uweinat), November 2000, (single adult)
  • Wadi Hamra (Gilf Kebir), November 2000, (adult male, separately female with lamb)
  • Karkur Talh (Jebel Uweinat), March 2001, (single adult)
  • Karkur Ibrahim (Jebel Uweinat), October 2003, (single adult)
  • Karkur Talh (Jebel Uweinat), November 2003, (group of adult male, female and two juveniles)
  • Karkur Talh (Jebel Uweinat), March 2004, (single adult)
  • Karkur Murr (Jebel Uweinat), October 2004, (group of two adults)
  • Karkur Talh (Jebel Uweinat), November 2004, (group of adult male, female and single juvenile, plus single adult)
  • Karkur Talh (Jebel Uweinat), October 2006, (single adult)
  • Hassanein plateau (Jebel Uweinat) by water filled guelta, October 2007, (single adult)
  • Karkur Talh (Jebel Uweinat), November 2009, (adult female with lamb, separately two adult males)
  • Karkur Talh (Jebel Uweinat), March 2010, (single adult)
  • Karkur Idriss (Jebel Uweinat), November 2010, (young female)
  • Karkur Talh (Jebel Uweinat), November 2017, (two adult males)
  • Wadi Wahesh (Jebel Uweinat), November 2017, (adult male)

    Waddan have been sighted at Jebel Uweinat on a number of occasions, mostly at Karkur Talh, and once in Karkur Ibrahim along the western side of the mountain. Although mummified remains are abundant in both main northern Gilf Kebir valleys, the last recorded live sighting was in November 2000 in Wadi Hamra. It is conceivable that the two populations are linked, and waddan do migrate between the two areas, utilizing the more remote Gilf valleys after rains when grazing is more abundant, and retreating to the refuge of Uweinat in dryer periods. (For a detailed discussion on the Waddan range in the Libyan Desert, see MANILUS, Menardi-Noguera and Zboray, 2003).

    Since the 2010 revolutions in Libya and Egypt, and the associated reducion in poaching (mostly wealthy Gulf hunters with local helpers) the population appears to be rebounding, with more numerous observations on recent visits to Jebel Uweinat.

    Karkur Talh
    24th March, 2001
    (approx. 5pm)
    photo by Yves Larboulette

      Karkur Talh, 26th November, 2004, (approx. 9am)

    Hassanein plateau, 28th October, 2007, (approx. 9am)
    photo by Gábor Merkl

    Karkur Talh, 12th November, 2009, (approx. 9am)

    Karkur Talh, 15th November, 2009, (approx. 10am)

    Karkur Talh, 16th November, 2009, (approx. 2pm)
    photographs by Kent Cochrane

    Karkur Talh, 9th March, 2010, (approx. 6pm)

    Karkur Talh, 20th November, 2017, (approx. 8am)

      Upper Wadi Wahesh, 26th November, 2017, (approx. 6pm)